Amateur boxing is utilizing an electronic scoring and timing system
driven by JavaTM technology to avoid controversy in scoring.
This signals the sport's most
significant reform in decades.
At the Seoul Olympics, the outcome of its twelve gold-medal bouts was
so suspect that Juan Antonio Samaranch, president of the International
Olympic Committee (IOC), proposed that the IOC eliminate boxing as
sport. Instead, the IOC requested
that the International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA) change the
way that judges score international events.
Engineers from Gallaware, Inc., programmed an electronic scoring system
that relies on the JavaTM Runtime Environment 1.1.8 to time and score a
bout, and Microsoft Access to print the results. A JavaTM Database
Connectivity (JDBCTM) to Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) Bridge
passes data between the two.
Using the electronic scoring system,
five judges evaluate each fight by pressing a red or a blue button
located on their handheld keypads as each boxer lands a scoring punch.
If at least three out of five judges report a solid hit from the same
boxer at the same time, a laptop computer, which connects to the
electronic scorecards, calculates the new score and posts the result.
The Java technology software that runs the computer also records the
number of knockdowns and warnings per round and per bout; alerts the
judges if either number exceeds the limit; and keeps the official
Java technology software records a punch each time a judge presses a button and
determines whether other judges have recorded a punch for the same
boxer during the required time interval. If a majority of judges report
a punch within a split second of one another, the software updates the
score. Because the software identifies each punch by judge and elapsed
time, officials can review a trace file if a challenge occur.
Future directions of this technology include having the scoring portion
of the electronic scoring system to the web as an applet. Spectators would
be able to watch the event, enter their own scores, and compare them with
the judges' scores.
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